Last edited by Gojin
Thursday, July 30, 2020 | History

2 edition of GATT experience with safeguards found in the catalog.

GATT experience with safeguards

J. M. Finger

GATT experience with safeguards

making economic and political sense of the possibilities that the GATT allows to restrict imports

by J. M. Finger

  • 299 Want to read
  • 2 Currently reading

Published by World Bank in Washington, DC .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (Organization),
  • Import quotas.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementJ. Michael Finger.
    SeriesPolicy research working paper ;, 2000, Policy research working papers ;, 2000.
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsHG3881.5.W57 P63 no. 2000
    The Physical Object
    Paginationii, 25 p. :
    Number of Pages25
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL6885884M
    LC Control Number00500466

      Recognition and Regulation of Safeguard Measures Under GATT/WTO considers safeguards from a developing country’s perspective drawing on Joseph E. Stiglitz’s argument that developing countries require these trade remedy measures to protect their domestic industries and ensure their development. Sheela Rai considers this view and goes on to Reviews: 2.   The prevalence of these measures created a systematic issue in the GATT, as it substantially undermined free trade that the GATT system advocated. 32 Due to the problem, the new WTO Safeguards Agreement prohibits the gray-area measures altogether, 33 replacing them with temporary safeguards with several procedural and substantive requirements.

      Sample Citations to the GATT and Its Side Agreements. General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Oct. 30, , 61 Stat. A, 55 U.N.T.S. [hereinafter GATT]. Side agreements to the GATT should be cited to an unofficial source, such as the GATT Basic Instruments and Selected Documents (GATT BISD) KZA4 , if published therein. This book discusses the law of safeguard measures as laid down in the WTO agreements and cases decided by the Panel and the Appellate Body. It sets out a comprehensive treatment of safeguard measures covering the history and evolution of the law, as well as the procedural requirements and the application of safeguard measures.

    Sykes, GATT Safeguards Reform: The Injury Test, in Michael J. Trebilcock and Robert C. York, eds, Fair Exchange: Reforming Trade Remedy Laws (C.D. Howe Institute, ). 5 See Robert Z. Lawrence and Robert E. Litan, Saving Free Trade (Brookings, ); Gary C. Hufbauer, Trade Policy for Troubled Industries (Institute for. safeguards mechanism (ESM) for services. After reviewing the history of these negotiations, the paper makes the case for adopting an ESM in services. It explains specific aspects of such a mechanism (elements include the safeguards situation, the definition .


Share this book
You might also like

GATT experience with safeguards by J. M. Finger Download PDF EPUB FB2

GATT lists many provisions that allow import restrictions, provisions that, over time, have proven quite fungible. Renegotiations were replaced by negotiated quantitative restraints (VERs), which were replaced by antidumping.

The problem (troublesome imports) was always the same, but the instruments changed. The law of safeguards measures in the WTO/GATT system originates with Article XIX of the original GATT. With the creation of the WTO inArticle XIX was supplemented, but not replaced, by the Agreement on Safeguards, so that safeguard measures must now comply with both sets of obligations.

BibTeX @MISC{Finger98gattexperience, GATT experience with safeguards book = {J. Michael Finger and J. Michael Finger}, title = {GATT Experience with Safeguards: Making Economic and Political Sense of the Possibilities that the GATT Allows to Restrict Imports.” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No}, year = {}}.

Downloadable. Realizing that trade liberalization would require periodic adjustments because of problems in particular industries, GATT's framers provided that tariff reductions that led to such problems could be renegotiated; in an emergency a country could raise its tariff first and negotiate compensation with the principal exporting countries by: BibTeX @MISC{Finger_worldbanksummary, author = {J.

Michael Finger and J. Michael Finger}, title = {World BankSUMMARY GATT EXPERIENCE WITH SAFEGUARDS: Making Economic and Political Sense of the Possibilities That the GATT Allows to Restrict Imports}, year = {}}. GATT EXPERIENCE WITH SAFEGUARDS: Making Economic and Political Sense of the Possibilities That the GATT Allows to Restrict Imports J.

Michael Finger GATT’s framers realized that trade liberalization would require periodic adjustments to take into account particular problems that would arise in particular industries. The original GATT. GATT Experience with Safeguards: Making Economic and Political Sense of the Possibilities that the GATT Allows to Restrict Imports.” World Bank Policy Research Working Paper No.

By and J. Michael Finger and J. Michael Finger. Abstract. The Challenge of Safeguards in the WTO provides a comprehensive overview of the safeguard mechanism in the multilateral trading system. It explains at length its historical and conceptual foundations and elaborates on the various requirements for the imposition of safeguards and the conduct of safeguard investigations.

This book offers a legal and economic analysis of contractual escape and punishment in the WTO. It assesses the interrelation between contractual incompleteness, trade policy flexibility mechanisms, contract enforcement, and WTO Members' willingness to co-operate and to commit to trade liberalization.

“GATT Experience with Safeguards. Get this from a library. GATT experience with safeguards: making economic and political sense of the possibilities that the GATT allows to restrict imports.

[J M. The following table covers the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT ) and the multilateral trade agreements concluded during the Uruguay Round of negotiations. These include the Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization (the Marrakesh Agreement) and the multilateral agreements annexed to the Marrakesh Agreement (the Covered Agreements).

The Committee on Safeguards monitors, and reports annually to the Goods Council, on the general implementation of the agreement. A member affected by a safeguard measure may ask the committee to make a finding on whether the measure complies with the agreement’s procedural requirements.

GATT experience with safeguards - making economic and. GATT Article XIX is the first safeguard provision in the international trading system. Article XIX was brought to the world as the child of a US proposal in The United States submitted a working proposal for the Charter of the International Trade Organization (ITO) that.

Article XIX of the GATT and the WTO Agreement on Safeguards (hereinafter referred to as “the Safeguards Agreement” or “SA”) authorizes Members to impose significant import restrictions. The WTO Agreement on Safeguards A Commentary Alan O. Sykes Oxford Commentaries on GATT/WTO Agreements. A complete review and exposition of the economics of safeguard measures ; Extensive discussion of the causation test under WTO law and options for the future evolution of the law ; Appendices contain relevant text from WTO and national law.

Most-favored-nation treatment, i.e., nondiscrimination among trading partners, is a fundamental principle of the GATT WTO system. The WTO Agreement on Safeguards has thus been seen as encouraging. This book provides a thorough treatment of the legal, economic, and policy issues associated with safeguard measures in the WTO system.

It includes a careful treatment of the history of safeguard measures under GATT, and the impetus for the Agreement on Safeguards.

"A Special Safeguard Mechanism for Agricultural Imports: what experience with other GATT/WTO safeguards tells us about what might work," World Trade Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 9(2), pagesApril. Part II Chapter 7 Safeguards Chapter 7. SAFEGUARDS. OVERVIEW OF RULES.

Article XIX of the GATT provides the rules to be observed when a Member government takes emergency action to restrict imports safeguard measures -- via measures applied to remedy serious injury to the domestic industry from a sudden surge.

Contents: Preface Part I: Development of International Rules on Safeguards 1. Politics and Economics of Safeguard Measures 2. GATT Article XIX and Negotiations of the Agreement on Safeguards Part II: Agreement on Safeguards 3.

Article XIX and Agreement on Safeguards 4. Article 2 – General Conditions 5. Article 4 – Injury and Causation 6.Ch.1 The Evolution of Safeguard Measures in the WTO/GATT System: An Overview. A The Genesis of the Safeguards Concept in the Pre-GATT Era; B The GATT Agreement.

1 Mechanisms for Adjusting the GATT Bargain Over Time; 2 The Design of Article XIX; C GATT Practice Under Article XIX and the Rise of Grey-Area Measures.Finger, J.

Michael. “GATT Experience with Safeguards: Making Economic and Political Sense out of the Possibilities that the GATT Allows to Restrict Imports.” Policy Research Working PaperDevelopment Research Group, World Bank, Washington, DC ().

Google Scholar.